Threat of Spread Betting and CFDs to Share Dealing
Share dealing has long been considered the default option for trading and investing private capital, with the image of traders self-managing their assets through a broker familiar to even non-trading folks. With the new era of web technologies and the liberalisation of the markets, share dealing has come under increasing pressure from newer, seemingly more innovative investment types that deflect attention from share trading directly with the promise of better returns on the same transactions. While share dealing will naturally always have a place in financial trading and finance in general, instruments like contracts for difference and spread betting are making traders think again about the way they trade the markets.
Why Spread Betting Is A Threat?
People trade shares to generate a return on their capital. But shares are often a cumbersome way to achieve that end. Share transactions are often expensive, with substantial broker commissions, and the barriers to entry are often substantial (depending on the market price of the shares you are purchasing). They tend to be inflexible, in that shares trades can only go long, and any gains are chargeable to both stamp duty and capital gains tax. Taken in the round, it's no surprise that spread betting continues to pose a threat to share trading as it vies for the attention of new traders.
Spread betting is highly leveraged in comparison to share dealing, meaning traders can theoretically earn more on the same transaction than shareholders in the same position. Spread betting profits are tax free, and the trades are free from stamp duty because no shares actually change hands. Similarly, spread betting is much more flexible, and the spreads tend to be competitive across the industry, depending on the broker you choose to trade with.
This makes financial spread betting a much leaner and more advantageous way to trade than share dealing, at least for those interested in yielding a shorter term return on their investment. While spread betting is naturally comparatively more risky than share dealing, it is nevertheless proving increasingly attractive for traders self-managing their capital.
The Rise of CFDs
Proponents of share dealing should also see the rise of contracts for difference as a major shift in emphasis in financial markets. More transparent disclosure requirements across the investment industry revealed the true extent of CFDs in professional trading portfolios and funds, which now account for a substantial portion of all transactions.
Contracts for difference are preferred by institutional investors to spread betting because of the ownership and legal distinctions, but generally the two function in a similar way. CFDs are more lucrative (although more risky), more flexible and more tax-efficient. In fact, CFDs have become so popular that they seem to have reached critical mass in financial media, with floods of new CFD traders getting involved in financial markets for the first time, for these very reasons.
To suggest share dealing has had its day would be to fundamentally misunderstand financial trading. Many transactions still depend on underlying share markets and others buying and selling equity, and without the ability to raise capital from the markets both companies and governments would be unable to function. But as far as spread betting and CFDs are concerned, the advantages of these trading instruments make them significant growth areas in financial trading.